Invisalign & Orthodontics

Closing Gaps

When closing a diastema (gap between teeth), differing amounts of movement of the two teeth is often needed. In this appliance, coil springs are placed to the side of each tooth. An arch wire acts as a guide and keeps the teeth from tipping as the space is closed.

 

Misalignment

Class I Malocclusion – This is a malocclusion where the bite is okay and the top teeth line up with the bottom teeth, but the teeth are crooked, crowded or turned. 

Malocclusions are measured between the eye teeth (canines) and the bicuspid (premolar). In the case of a Class I Malocclusion when the teeth are crooked, biting and grinding of food can become problematic and lead to improper tooth wear and further alignment problems. 

If you or your teen show beginning signs of a malocclusion it is important to start treatment now, rather than waiting until the problem is more severe. Each dental case is different and should be evaluated by a dentist. Please call our dentist office so we can schedule an evaluation of your situation soon.

 

Overbite

Class II Malocclusion – This type of malocclusion happens where the upper teeth stick out past the lower teeth commonly referred to as an “overbite”, “over jet”, “deepbite” or “buck teeth”. 

Teeth in proper occlusion allow for complete biting and grinding of food and prevent other problems, like traumatic tooth damage from years of improper wear. Any time your teeth are displaced by more than 3mm it is considered a malocclusion. 

Large overbites can cause back teeth to wear excessively and can even lead to jaw joint problems in certain cases. If you have an overbite that is causing you problems, it is important to be evaluated by a dental professional. Your specific situation may or may not require dental treatment, but the only way to know for sure is to come in to our dentist office and sit down with a dentist and get an evaluation. Call our dentist office today and we will schedule a consultation at your convenience.

 

Underbite

Class III – Malocclusions are measured between the eye teeth (canines) and the bicuspid (premolar). Teeth in proper occlusion allow for complete biting and grinding of food and prevent other problems, like traumatic tooth damage from years of improper wear. A malocclusion where the lower teeth stick out past the upper teeth called an “underbite”. Any time your teeth are displaced by more than 3mm it is considered a malocclusion. 

It is beneficial to have an underbite corrected when you are a teen. Correcting malocclusions in a person’s teen years can prevent the need for extensive crowns and bridges in their 40s and 50s. Having an underbite can cause problems when eating, difficulty chewing and have been known to cause joint problems. This is not always the case, but each person is unique, so please call our dentist office to discuss your specific malocclusion situation.

 

Adult Orthodontics

Many developments in today’s orthodontic treatment have been focused on helping adult patients. If your teeth are crooked, orthodontic treatment at any age may be just what you need to give you a smile you can wear with confidence.

Recent improvements in traditional braces have resulted in smaller, stronger, more efficient and less conspicuous brackets.

Metal brackets are the most familiar, however, clear and tooth-color ceramic and plastic brackets are now available

 

Open Bite

Anterior Open Bites refer to a condition in which the top and bottom front teeth are not in contact (they do not touch each other when the patient bites). The origins of open bites can be traced to habits that patients have or had in the past, and occasionally to discrepancies between the sizes of the jaws. Since most open bites in children are associated to an existing habit, treatment usually addresses the habit itself and is most effective when done at an early age. Many appliances are available for treating this condition and your dentist will discuss in detail the risks and benefits of treating an open bite in children.

 

Cross Bite

A posterior cross bite can appear at an early age, and depending on its cause (mal positioned teeth or misaligned jaws) treatment may be warranted early. It can involve one or both sides of the molar area and in some cases in can cause a “shift” of the bite. Many appliances are available for treating the condition and your dentist will discuss in detail the risks and benefits of treating a posterior cross bite.

 

Spring Hawley Retainer

After completing orthodontic therapy it is not uncommon to still need a little fine tuning of tooth alignment. This is particularly true in patients who have undergone extensive orthodontic therapy and are simply “burned out.”

This retainer is useful in correcting minor rotations and crowding. When worn, the spring action of the wires, provide a light force to align the teeth. The appliance is constructed to the “ideal” setting and the patient’s teeth adapt to their new position.